There is a lot of high technology in your car tires that can be tuned from tire to tire to make them perform according to the intended vehicle type, road condition, driving style and most importantly, temperature. The main difference between winter tires and all-season tires is not something you can see. The rubber compound is by far the biggest factor in the level of winter traction you get from any given tire. The second most important difference between winter tires and all-season tires is the design molded onto the tread.
Tread Rubber Compound for Cold Weather
In cold weather, regular all-season tread rubber, and the rubber used in high performance summer tires, hardens at a higher temperature than the rubber compound used in snow tires. Normal all-season tire rubber hardens as temperatures drop below 42 degrees Fahrenheit. Tire rubber must be flexible to grip the road. At, or about 42 degrees Fahrenheit, an all-season and a winter tire have about the same traction, however, as the mercury drops the winter tire gains grip, while all-season tires and high performance tires, lose traction. At temperatures well above 42 degrees Fahrenheit, the rubber in all-season tires stays hard to resist wear. In contrast, the rubber in the tread of a winter tire will soften, and wear out much faster. For this reason, winter tires should be removed from the vehicle early in the spring and replaced in late fall when the temperatures regularly dip below 42F. Even the most premium winter tires, like the Nokian Hakkapeliitta 8 or the Michelin X-Ice Xi3 are not intended to last in the heat of summer.
Tread Pattern for Grip on Snow and Ice
Another contributor to the amount of winter traction is the pattern molded into the tread. Long lasting, summer tires typically have solid ribs, separated by wide circumferential grooves. This type of tread is optimized for long tread-life, good fuel efficiency and a quiet ride on smooth roads. Regular all-season tires often have solid tread blocks arranged in a chevron-shaped pattern with wide grooves. These treads are ideal for evacuating water from under the tread, but for traction on ice and snow, tires need a high density of biting edges. Tire Engineers achieve this by molding tread narrow slits into the tread features. Often the tread features are covered in this fine slits, or tread sipes. Tread sipes provide a biting edge, while maintaining the integrity of the tread for better handling and lower noise levels. Examples of winter tire styles with very high sipe density to aid in snow and ice grip are the Arctic Claw TW1, Bridgestone Blizzak WS80 and Antares Grip 20 tire.
The name of the tire, and the markings on the side of the tire are also an indication of the intended use. A common marking on a winter tire is the Three Peak Mountain Snowflake Symbol. When this marking is on a tire you know it meets specific snow traction performance requirements set by the Rubber Manufacturer’s Association of America and the Rubber Association of Canada. All-season tires never have this marking. More typically, all-season tires will have the more generic M+S marking. M+S marked tires are not a good indicator of performance on cold winter roads, ice, or even packed snow.
Tires-easy for Winter Tires
Tires-easy.com has a huge variety of winter tires for all types of cars and driving styles. Use our tire selector to find your size and tire brand and style to fit your budget.